No Page 4:27 only summary


No Page 4:27 only summary
Page 4:27 Service inspection
Page 4:28 Break in period
Page 4:29 Driving economy
Page 4:30 Starting the engine
Page 4:31 Gear shift positions
Page 4:32 Automatic transmission
Page 4:33 Automatic transmission
Page 4:34 Emergency towing (pulling)
Page 4:35 Towing information
Page 4:36 Trailer hauling
Page 4:37 Brake system
Page 4:38 Catalic Converter

Page 4:27 Service inspection

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Service Inspection

To ensure proper operation the car should be
taken to a Volvo dealer between the first
600-1,200 miles (1.000-2.000 km) for a service
inspection. The oil in the engine, 4 speed
transmission and rear axle will then be
changed. This is very important since the oil
rapidly collects impurities during the break in

Page 4:28 Break in period
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A new car should be broken in!

Automatic transmission

Refrain from using "kick-down" when driving
a car equipped with an automatic transmission
during the first 1,200 miles (2.000 km)

Manual transmission

During the break in period do not exceed the
following speeds:

First 600 miles (1,000 km)

1st gear                20 mph        (30 km/h)
2nd gear               30 mph         (50 km/h)
3rd gear               50 mph         (80 km/h)
4th gear               70 mph       (110 km/h) 1)

1) 80 mph (130 km/h) with overdrive engaged. Do not use
overdrive below 40 mph (65 km/h).
600 - 1,200 miles (1,000 - 2,000 km)

1st gear                25 mph        (40 km/h)
2nd gear               45 mph         (70 km/h)
3rd gear               60 mph         100 km/h)
4th gear                80 mph       (130 km/h) 2)

Avoid driving zt low speed in high gear.
2) 90 mph (150 km/h) with overdrive engaged.

Page 4:29 Driving economy
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Economic driving does not mean necessarily driving slowly

Better driving economy may be optained by
thinking ahead, avoid rapid starts and stops
and adjusting the speed of our vehicle to im-
mediate traffic conditions. Observe the follow-
ing rules.
  • Bring the engine to normal operating tem-
       perature as soon as possible by driving
       under light load. a cold engines uses more
       fuel and is subjest to increase wea.

  • When possible avoid using the car for driv-
       ing short distances. This does not allow the
       engine to reach normal operating tempera-

  • Drive carefully and avoid rapid acceleration
       and hard braking.

  • Do not exceed speed limit.

  • Avoid carrying unnecessary items (extra
       load) in the car.

  • Check the tyre pressure regularly - cold tyres.

  • Remove snow tires when threat of snow or
       ice has ended.

  • Note that roof racks, ski racks, etc., increase
       air resistance and therby gas consumption.
  • Utilize the transmission to improve fuel econom-
    Use correct gear!

  • From first to second gear at approx. 10 mph
       (20 km/h)

       From second to third gear at approx. 20 mph
       (35 km/h)
       From third to fourth gear approx. 30 mph
       (50 km/h)

  • If vehicle is equipped with overdrive, use it
       at every opportunity (at speeds in excess of
       45 mph = 70 km/h.

  • Avoid using automatic transmission kick
       down feature unles necessary.

  • Other factors which decrease gas mileage

  • Worn of dirty spark plugs

  • Incorrect spark plug gap

  • Dirty air cleaner

  • Incorrect valve clearance

  • Incorrect idle speed

  • Dirty engine oil and clogged oil filterFaulty idling

  • Dragging brakes

  • Incorrect front end alignment

  • Low tire pressure

    The above mentioned items and others are
    checked at the standard 7,500 Mile (12,500 km)
    maintenance Service intervals.

  • Page 4:30 Staring the engine

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    To start the engine:

    1. Enter the car and fasten the seat belt

    2. Apply the parking brake, if not already set.
    3. Place the gear selector lever in neutral.
       (position N or P, automatic transmisssion).
    4. Depress the clutch pedal (manual trans-
    5. Press down gas pedal about 1 inch=25 mm
       (¼ of total stroke).
    6. Turn key to starting position. When engine
    has started, release the key and gas pedal.

    If the engine does not start at once, depress
    the throttle pedal half way and keep it there
    until the engine starts.

    Avoid repeated short attemps to start (fuel is
    injected every time the starter is engaged
    when engine is cold).
    Allow the starter to operate for a longer time
    (but not more than 15-2- seconds).

    Do not race a cold engine immediately after
                         Engine warm-up - initial driving

    Experience shown that engines in vehicles
    driven short distances are subject to abnor-
    mally rapid wea because the engine never
    reaches normal operating temperature.
    It is therefore beneficial to reach normal
    operating temperature as fast as possible.
    This is achieved by driving with a light load as
    soon as possible


    Always open the garage doors fully before starting the engine inside the garage to ensure
    adequate ventilation. The exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide which is invisible and
    odorless but very poisonous

    Page 4:31 Gear shift positions
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    4 speed manual transmission
    Reversing inhibitor

    4 speed manual transmission


    Reversing inhibitor

    Depress the clutch fully when changing gears.

    Shift to overdrive at 45 mph (70 km/h) and
    disengage it when speed drops below 40 mph
    (65 km/h) or vehicle encouters hilly terrain.
    The overdrive can be engaged in 4th gear only.

    No extra operation of clutch or trottle pedal is
    normally necessary. Engagement is facilitated
    if the accelerator pedal position is maintained
    When disengaging, depressing the clutch
    slightly makes a smooth transfer.
    The overdrive should be used after the engine
    has reached normal operating temperature
    (minimum time is five minutes) and the vehicle
    is being operated on relatively level roads.
    Downshifting to a lower gear will automatically
    disengage the overdrive.
    Lift the ring to enter reverse gear.
    The ring locking mechanism prevents reverse
    gear from being engaged unintentionally.

    Page 4:32 Automatic transmission

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    Shift positions
    Shift gate

    P Park

    Use this position when parked with the engine
    running or stopped.

    Never use P while car is in motion.
    The transmission is mechanically locked in
    position P. Also use the parking bake when
    parking on grades.

    R reverse

    Never use R whele car is moving forward.

    N neutral

    Neutral position = no gear is engaged.
    Use parking brake.

    Driving gears

    D drive

    D is the normal driving position. Upshift and
    downshift of the three forwards gears occurs
    automatically and is gouverned by throttle
    opening and vehicle speed

    Shift positions

    P  parking
    R  reverse
    N  neutral
    D  drive
    2  intermediate
    1  low

    The gear selector can be moved freely between
    D and 2. The other positions are separated by
    a lockout which is operated by depressing the
    selector knob.

    Shift gate

    Depressing the selector knob slightly allows
    selections of positions N and 1.

    Depressing the selector knob fully allows
    selection of positions R and P. This is also
    necessary when initially bringing the selecor
    out of position P.

    Depressing the selector knob fully thus permits
    shifting freely between all positions.

    Page 4:33 Automatic transmission

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    2, intermediate position

    upshift and downshift of first of two gears (low
    and intermediate0 occurs automatically.
    No upshift to 3rd (top) gear occurs.
    Position 2 may be used to obtain forced down-
    shift to 2nd gear for increasing engine braking

    Position 2 can also be used ...
  • For relatively slow highway driving.

  • For city driving.
  • When driving on maintain roads where pre
       cise speed control is desirable
  • For passing

  • Top speed when selecting is 75 mph (125

    1, low position

    If position 1 is selected when driving at high
    speeds, 2 is engaged first and 1 when the
    speed has dropped to approx 30 mph (50

    NOTE: No upshift once 1 is engaged.
    Use position 1 to select low gear with no up-
    shift. For instance, when entering and des-
    cending steep grades.

    Top speed when selecting 1 is 75 mph (125


    Automatic shift to a lower gear is achieved by
    depressing the trottle pedal briskly (passing
    the normal full throttle position).
    An up-shift will be achieved when approaching
    the top speed for a particular gear or by re-
    leasing the trottle pedal slightly.
    Kick-down can be used for maximum accele-
    ration or when passing at highway speeds.

    Starting and stopping a car equip-
    ped with automatic transmission

    1. Fasten the seat belts.

    2. Apply the parking brake or the brake pedal
       to hold the car (to prevent the car from
       moving when the gear selector is moved).

    3. Select position P or N. (Engine cannot be
       started in any other position.)

    4. Start the engine by turning the ignition key.

    5. Select desired gear

    6. Release the brake and accelerate.

    To stop the car release the throttle pedal and
    apply the brakes
    It is not necessary to move the gear selector as
    the transmission will downshift automatically.


  • Never select P or R while the car is in motion.
  • When initially selecting positions D, 2, 1 or R the carshould be standing
       still with the engine idling.
  • Never select positions 2 or 1 at speeds above 75 mph (125 km/h

  • Page 4:34 Emerency towing (pulling)

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    Front eyelet
    Rear eyelet

    Precautionary steps to observe when towing

  • Steering must be unlocked

  • Observe legal speeds
  • Remember that power brake and power steering assists will not be available when engine is
        inoperative. Pedal pressure required is 3-4- times above normal and greater steering effort
        must be employed
  • Towing cars equipped with automatic transmission:

  •      - Gear selecor in position N. Check transmission oil level (see section titled "Transmission
         - Maximum speed: 20 mph )30 km/h).
         - Maximum sdistance: 20 miles (30 km).

    Jump starting, see section titled
    "alternator, jump starting".


    Page 4:35 Towing information
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    Towing information

    Page 4:36 Trailer hauling
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    When preparing for trailer hauling,
    observe the following:

  • Use a trailer hitch which meets Federal
        Safety Standards for rear end collisions
        (FMVSS 301-75) such as those offered as
        Genuine Volvo Accessories.
  • Maximum trailer weight recommended by
        Volvo is 2 000 lbs (908 kgs).
        Observe legal requirements of the state in
        which the vehicles are registered.
        All Volvo models are equipped with energy
    absorbing shock mounted bumpers. Trailer
    hitch installation should not interfere with the
    proper operation of this bumper system.
    Bumper mountes or installed trailer hitchers
    are not recommended for use on Volvo cars.
    Additional lighting equipment must
        be connected to specfic points in the elec-
        trical system. Otherwise the bulb failure
        warning light will come on. (See your Volvo

  • Trailer hauling does not normally present any
    particular problems, but take into considera-
  • The hitch tonque load should not exceed
        200 lbs (90 kgs).
  • Engine eand transmission are subject to
        increased loads.
  • Avoid overload and other affects handling, durability
        and economy.
  • Its necessary to balance trailer brakes with
        the towing vehicle brakes to provide a safe
        stop (chsck and observe State regulations).
  • More frequent vehicle maintenance is required.
        Remove the ball and drawbar assembly when
        the hitch in not being used.

    Roof rack (removable)

  • Use a sturdy roof rack, intended for the
        vehicle and rigidly attached.
        It is not advisable to let the roof rack remain.
        in place during extended periods of time.
        Also, an empty roof rack increases drag and
        fuel consuption.
  • Avoid point overloads. Distribute the load evenly.
  • Place the heavy cargo at bottom of load.
  • Observe that center of gravity and handling
        are influenced by the load weight.
  • Increasing load size increases wind resis-
  • Anchor the cargo correctly with a cord.
        Drive carefully. Avoid rapid starts, heavy
        cornering and heavy braking.
  • Max. roof load is 220 lbs (100 kg).
  • Handling, roadholding

    Vehicle load, tire design and inflation pressure
    are impotant for proper handling. Therfore
    check that the tires are inflated to the re-
    commended pressure according to the vehicle
    It is recommanded to use tires of the same
    make and dimension on all four wheels.

    Do not mix radial ply and bias ply tires as
    this will adversely alter the vehicle handling

    WARNING: do not drive with trunk
    lid open!

    oisonius exhaust gases may enter via the
    open trunk lid.
    If the trunk lid for any reason must be open,
    proceed as follows:

  • Close the windows
  • Set the heating system controls FLOOR and
        DEF to max. and the blower to full speed (3).
        See section titled "Heating and Ventilation".

  • Page 4:37 Brake system
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    Air dam (front spoiler)

    Moisture on brake discs and brake
    pads affects braking.

    Failure in one of the brake circuis

    An air dam can negatively influence the normal
    flow of cooling air to the front wheel brakes.
    Therfore, special light alloy wheel rims must
    be used in cojunction with air dam. (See
    section titled "Wheels and Tires").

    Driving in rain and slush or passing through
    a normal car wash discs and pads. This will cause
    a delay in braking effect when the pedal is
    depressed. To avoid such a delay, when the
    brakes are needed, depress the pedal
    occasionally when driving.
    This will remove the water from the brakes.
    This should also done after washing or
    starting in very damp weather.

    Parking brake light
    The brake failure warning ligh
    goes on.

    The pedal stroke increases slightly and the
    pedal feels softer but the pedal pressure
    required does not increase noticeably
    Drive cautiously to a Volvodealer or Service
    Station to have the brake system checked.


    If the brake power assist does not

    Severe strain on the brake system

      The power assist to the brakes functions
    only when the engine is running.
    When the
    car is moving without the engine running the
    brake pedal pressure rewuires to stop the car
    is increased 3-4 times.
    The brake pedal feels stiff and hard.

    The brakes will be subject to severe strain
    when driving in mounains or hilly areas.
    The speed is usually low which means that
    the cooling of the brake is less efficient than
    when driving on level roads.
    To reduce the strain on the brakes it is
    advisable not to use the brakes excessively
    Instead, shift into a lower gear and let the
    engine help with the braking. A good rule is to
    use the same gear downhill as would be used
    uphill. For vehicles with automatic transmis-
    sion use position 2 or in some cases1.

    Page 4:38 Catalic Converter
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    Catalytic Converter

    Catalic Converter
  • Keep your engine properly tuned. Certain
        engine malfunctions, particularly involving
        the electrical, fuel or ignition systems, may
        cause unusually high converter tempera-
        tures. Do not continue to operate your
        vehicle if you detect engine misfire,
        noticeable loss of power or other unusual
        operating condition,
    such as engine over-
        heating, repetitive stalls or backfires. A pro-
        perly tuned engine will help avoid mal-
        functions that could damage the Catalytic

  • Remember that tampering or unauthorized
        medifications to the engine or the vehicle
        may be illegal and can cause catalyst or ex-
        haust system overheating. This include:
        Altering fuel injection settings or compo-
        Adjusting ignition timing beyond specified
        Altering emission system components or
        location or removing components.

  • Do not park your car over combustible
        materials, such as grass or leaves, which
        can come into contact with the hot exhaust
        system and cause such materials to ignite
        under certain wind and weather conditions.
  • Excess starter cranking (in excess of one
        minute) with an intermittently firing or
        flooded engine, can cause catalyst or
        exhaust system overheating. This also
        applies to lengthy pushing or towing of
        vehicle to start (manual transmission only).

  • NOTE: Unleaded fuel is required for cars with catalytic converter. A label on the instrument panel and rear fender
    near the filler inlet, will remind owners and filling station attendant of this requirement.
    Important! It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into any vehicle labeled "unleaded gasoline only".

    Text and pictures from owners manual yearmodel 1980

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