|No page 6:45a Only this contens|
No Page 6:45a Only this contents|
Page 6:45 Engine oil
Page 6:46 Cooling system
Page 6:47 Servicing
Page 6:48 Servicing
Page 6:49 Servicing
Page 6:50 Servicing
Page 6:51 Servicing
Page 6:52 Servicing
Page 6:53 Servicing
Page 6:54 Transmission oil
Page 6:55 Transmission oil
Page 6:56 Rear axle, power steering, brake fluid
Page 6:57 Lubrication
Page 6:58 Coolant
|Page 6:45 Engine oil|
Checking oil level
Changing oil filter
The oil level should be checked each time the
fuel tank is refilled Be sure the oil level is
maintened between the upper and lower
marks on the dipstick. Low oil level can cause
internal damage to the engine and overfilling
can result in high oil consumption. The
distance in high oil consumption. The
distance between the dipstick marks repre-
sents approx. 2 US qts=2 liters/1.8 lmp.qts. of
At temperatures below 0°F (-18°C), multi-
grade oil SAE 5W-20 or SAE 5W-30 is recom-
mended. However, this oil should not be used
when the temperature is continuously above
Driving under adverse conditions such as
high ambient temperatures, trailer hauling,
hill climbing, driving long distances at high
speeds, extended periods of idling, low speed
operation or short trip operation at free-
zing temperatures may require oil and filter
changes more frequently (every third
Drain the oil after driving while it is still hot.
Replace the oil filter at every change.|
If the oil filter is changed separately, ½ US qt.
=0.5 liter/½ lmp. qt. of oil should be added.
|Page 6:46 Cooling system|
Changing oil filter
Every two years or 30.000 miles (50.000 km the
cooling system should be drained, flushed and
remove the expansion tank cap.
Open the drain cocks on both sides on both sides of the
engine block and disconnect the lower radi-
Fill coolant through the expansion tank.
The heater controls should be fully open
when draining and filling.
Add coolant until the level is up to the MAX
mark or slightly above.
Start engine and run until hot. Check the
cooling system connections for tightness. Also
re-check the coolant level.
Capacity: 11.5 US qts=10.9 liters/9.6lmp.qts.
Cooling system, hoses and
Check all cooling system hoses and connec-
The belt tension can be checked by depressing|
the fan belt at a point midway between the
alternator and fan. It should be possible to
press down the belt about 1/4" - 3/8" (5 - 10 mm).
This also applies to other drive belts on the
|Page 6:47 Servicing|
Torque exhaust manifold nuts
Vacuum fittings, hoses and
|The manifold nuts should be torqued at the
600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000) km inspection.
A loose manifold could alter air/fuel ratio and
cause an increase in emissions and/or poor
|The valve clearance should be checked every
30.000 miles (50.000km).
|Unstable idle, misfiring or poor emission
control is often caused by leaking vacuum
hoses or connections. Check hoses and
connections on distributor vacuum unit, con-
nections on heater control servo systems and
hydraulic brake servo.
|Page 6:48 Servicing|
Lambda-sond™ (oxygen sensor)
This is an emission control system designed
|Page 6:49 Servicing|
Checking and adjusting idling speed
Change spark plugs
|Replace the air cleaner cartidge with a new
one every 30,000 miles (50,000 km) The car-
tridge should be replaced more often when
driving under dirty and dusty conditions. The
filter cannot be cleaned and , therefore, should
always be replaced with a new one.
|These checks should be made every 15,000
miles (25.000 km). California models, however,
only after the first 600-1,200 miles (1,000-
The idling speed should also be adjusted and
the mixture ratio and manifold balance
checked at the first time.
|The spark plugs should be changed every
30,000 miles (50,000 km).
However, city driving or fast highway driving
may require changing after 7,500 miles (12,500
km) of driving. When fitting new plugs, be sure
to fit the right type (Volvo Part No. 273593-4 or
equivalent). Torque to 7-10 ft.lbs. 10-14 Nm).
When changing the plugs, check that the
suppressor connections are in good condition.
Cracked or damaged connectors should be
When changing spark plugs, clean the cables
and cable terminals, also the rubber seals. If
the car is driven on roads where salt is used
during the winter, coat the cables with sili-
|Page 6:50 Servicing|
Fuel system cap, tank and lines, and
Special instructions for work on the
Fuel (line) filter
|The effectveness of the fuel system to contain
hydrocarbons is largely dependent on a
leak-free system. Check for proper sealing of
gasoline filler cap which contains "O" ring
type seals. Check all evapoativr hoses in
vehicle for tightness. Check fuel lines under
vehicle and repair if necessary.
|Extrme cleanliness is essential when working
on the injection system. great care must be
Injection system services should be handled by
qualified technicians, using equipment inten-
ded for this servive.
|The fuel filter is located on the firewall. This
filter is to be changed every 30,000 miles
(50,000 km). The filter is replaced as one com-
Replace more frequently if contaminated fuel
was introduced into the tank.
Fuel (91 octane RON)
|Unleaded fuel is required for models with
catalytic converter (all models).
A label on the instruments panel and on the rear
fender, near the filler inlet, will remind of this
It is unlawful to dispense leaded fuel into a
vehicle labeled : unleaded gasoline only".
|The B28F engine is provided with a fuel injec-
tion system called the CI system (Continuous
Injection). Fuel injectors are open and inject
fuel as long as the engine is operating.
This system has few moving parts, is reliable
and meets the exhaust emission standards at
Air supplied to the engine is continuously
measured and determines the amount of fuel
The air flow is regulated by two throttle valves.
The air flow sensor and the fuel distributor are
integrally built as a single unit. A lever is
actuated by the air flow to produce continuous
|Page 6:51 Servicing|
|The ignition timing should be inspected at the 600-1,200 mile (1,000-
2,000 km) insection. All adjusting work should be done with pro-
per equipment. The distributor is one of the most sensitive engine
units. Careless handling can be lead to decreased engine output and high
fuel consumption or even serious damage to the engine.
|The engine is provided with positive crankcase ventilation which
prevents crankcase gases from being released inti the atmosphere.
Instead, the crankcase gases are admitted to the intake manifold and
Cleaning PCV valve
The calibrated positive crankcase ventilation valve should be cleaned
every 60,000 miles. Rubber hoses should be checked for damage at the
same time. Replace if necessary.
|Page 6:52 Servicing|
Catalytic converterThis is a supplementary device in the exhaust
system, designed to clean the remaining dirty
This device is mainly a container with a
ceramic material insert, designed to let the
exhaust gases pass through channels in the
insert. The channel walls are covered by a thin
layer of platina-palladium. These metals act as
catalysy, permitting a chemical action action to
occur without actually taking part in it.
The CO content will increase if the Catalytic
Converter is damaged.
Lambda-sond™ equipped vehicles use Cataa-
lytic Converters containing platinum and rho-
Torque catalyc converter
The Cataytic Converter mounting bolts should
|Page 6:53 Servicing|
Evaporative control systemVehicles intended for the North American markets are equipped with a
gas evaporative control system, which prevents gasoline fumes from
being released into the atmosphere.
The system consists of an expansion space in the fuel tank, a pressure
relief valve and a charcoal filter.
The components are interconnected by hoses which channel fuel
vapor from the gas tank to the charcoal filter where it is stored until
the engine is started and then drawn into the engine fuel induction
|Page 6:54 Transmission oil|
||Capacity: 2.4 US qts = 2,3 liters/2.2 Imp.qts.
Fluid type: Automatic Transmission Fluid type F or G
Replace: at 600-1,200 mile (1,00-2,000 km) service only.
The oil level should be up to the filler plug (A). Drain the oil immediately
after driving, while it is still hot by remving plug (B).
|Transmission and overdrive are lubricated by the same oil. Therefore,
when the oil is drained through plug B, also remove cover on the over-
drive and clean strainer.
|Page 6:55 Transmission oil|
|A Cold gearbox oil - oil temperature +105°F (+40°C).
This is a normal temperature for the transmission after idling for
about 10 minutes.
At oil temperature below +40°C, The level may be below the MIN
B Warm gearbox oil - oil temperature +195°F (+90°C).
This temperature is obtained when driving for about 30 minutes.
At oil temperature above +90°C, the level may be above the MAX.
|Capacity: 7.3 US qts = 6,75 liters/6.4 Imp.qts.
Fluid type: Automatic Transmission Fluid type F or G (FLM)
Replace: no oil changes necessary un der normal driving
Check the oil level as follows:
Park the car on flat ground with the engine idling
Slowly move selector, lever through all gear positions and then
to position P. Wait 2 minutes before checking the oil level. As the
illustrations shows, the dipstick has a "cold" and a "warm" side.
The oil level should be between the MIN and MAX marks.
Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth. CAUTION! The oil may be very hot!
Do not use rags with can leave lint on the dipstick.
The transmission is topped up via the dipstick tube.
|The space between the MIN and MAX marks on the dipstick corre-
sponds to 0,5 liter. Do not fill the transmission with too much oil, since
this can result in oil being ejected from the transmission.
Too little oil, on the other hand, can negatively affect transmission
operation, particularly in very cold weather.
|Page 6:56 Rear axle, power steering, brake fluid|
Brake fluid/Clutch fluid (only on
Capacity: 1.7 US qts = 1,6 liters/1.4 Imp.qts.
Oil type: API GL-5 (MIL-L-2105 B or C)
Viscosity: SAE 90
Replace: at 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000
km) service only.
The oil level should be up to the filler plug (A)
Drain rear axle oil through drain plug (B).
When the temperature is steadily below
15°F = -10°C, use API GL-5 SAE 80W oil.
Cars equipped with limited slip differentials
should use oils with proper additives
Capacity: 1.25 US qts = 1,2 liters/1.1 Imp.qts.
Fluid type: ATF
Replace: no fluid change required.
The level should be between the MAX and
Check fluid level with engine idling and after
driving while the fluid still is hot. Wipe the
Fluid type: DOT 4|
Replace: at 600-1,200 mile (1,000-2,000
every third year or 45.000 miles
(75,000 km) The brake fluid should
be replaced once a year or every
15,000 miles (25,000 km) for cars
equipped with air dam. The clutch
fluid does not need to be changed.
Check, without removing the cap, that the
level is above the "MIN" mark of the fluid
Always entrust brake fluid changing to a
Change brake fluid every year when driving
under extremely hard conditions (mountain
|Page 6:57 Lubrication|
No. Lubrucating point
1 Hood lock
2 Hood hinges
3 Door locks outer sliding
4 Striker plate
5 Trunk lid hinges
6 Door hinges
7 Front seat slide rails
and latch devices
8 Window regulator
(Accessible after door up-
holstery panels removed)
9 Key holes
10 Trunk lid lock
Chassis maintenanceTo simply maintenance your Volvo has been
equipped with ball joints, steering rods and
propeller shafts that do not require regular
Points that normally require lubrcating have
been packed with very durable grease at the
factory and then carefully sealed, elinating
the need for subsequent lubrication.
Lubricate bodyTo avoid rattles and unnecessary wear, the
body should be lubricated once a year.
Hinges on hood, doors and trunk lid as well
as door stops should be lubricated every 7,500
miles (12,500 km).
During winter, locks in the doors and trunk lid
should be treated with special anti-freeze
lubricant to prevent freezing.
|Page 6:58 Coolant|
Check coolant level
Top up with coolant
The cooling system must be filled with
coolant and not leak to operate at maximum
efficiency. Check the coolant level when
filling fuel. The level should be between
the "Max." and "Min" marks on the ex-
pansion tank. The check should be made
with particular thoroughness when the engine
is new or the cooling system has been drained.
Do not remove the filler cap other than for
topping-up with coolant. Frequent removal
may prevent coolant circulation between the
engine and the expansion tank during engine
warming up and cooling.
Top up with coolant by filling the expansion
tank when level is at the "Min" mark. Use a
mixture of 50 % anti-freeze/summer coolant
and 50 % water all the year round. Top up to
the "Max" mark.
If the engine is warm, and you are going to
top up coolant, unscrew the cap slowly in
order to allow any excess pressure to escape.
NOTE: Do not top up with water only. Water by
itself reduces the rust-protective and anti-
freeze qualities of the coolant and has a lower
boiling point. It can also cause damage to the
cooling system if it should freeze.