Page 7:1 Volvo service

Service - an investment!

Service is an investment which will pay
dividends in the form of reliability, durability
and also when the time comes to change to
a newer car.

Page 7:1 Volvo service and this index
Page 7:2 Volvo Service
Page 7:3 Precaution when carrying out repairs
Page 7:4 Engine compartment
Page 7:5 Power-assisted steering oil, brake fluid
Page 7:6 Automatic transmission oil
Page 7:7 Lubricating points, body
Page 7:8 Coolant
Page 7:9 Drive belts
Page 7:10 Windscreen washer, check
Page 7:11 Engine oil
Page 7:12 Engine oil





Page 7:2 Volvo Service
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Your Volvo underwent two quality inspections before being handed
over to you. The first was done at the factory and the other,
Predelivery Service, was carried out in accordance with
Volvo standards by your dealer.
Warranty service will be carried out between 1000 and 2000 km.
It is preferable if you have thp carried out by the dealer who
delivered your Volvo.
A comprehensive check of your vehicle is undertaken during the
warranty service and the engine, gearbox and rear axle oils are changed.


The Volvo Service Programme

In order to benefit continually from the level of safety and relia-
bility that your Volvo can provide, you should follow the Volvo Service
Programme provided in the service booklet. We strongly recommend
that the work listed in these schedules should be entrusted to
your Volvo dealer who has the expertise, technical information and
equipment to ensure that the work is done to the high level of quality
that you as a Volvo owner, will expect. You can also rest assured
that your Volvo dealer will use only genuine Volvo replacement
parts which are of the same high quality as the parts used during
the original manufacuture of your Volvo.
The Volvo Service Programme has been designed for Volvo cars
being used under averige conditions. It consists of a
minor service every six months, or at a maximum of 10000km
with high mileage use, and a major service once a year, or
at a maximum of 20000 km. If you feel that the uses to which you
put your Volvo are not average, consult your
Volvo dealer, he will be happy to advise you of any special
maintenance that may be required.

IMPORTANT:

If your warranty is to apply we insist on the following conditions:
that the abovementioned warrenty inspection is carried out at
approximately the correct mileage, that your car has been main-
tained according to the instructions in this manual, that e.g., the
prescribed oil changes and services inspections are carried out as
specified and also that repairs and services are carried out by an
authorized Volvo workshop.

Remember...

  • Regular service is necessary to keep your car in good running order.
  • A neglected service can result in your car emitting exhaust gases with
        an unacceeptably high level of gases harmful to the environment.
  • Servicing is best done by a Volvo workshop, since it has trained per-
        service literature.
  • Your Service booklet should be stamped after each service. A "well-
        stamed" Service booklet is an indication that the car has been well
        maintained and will influence its market value. Read more about this
        in your Service booklet.




















  • Page 7:3 Precaution when carrying out repairs

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    The following precautions must be observed when carrying out repairs to the vehicle

    CAUTION!
    The ignition system operates at very high voltages. Special safety
    precautions must be followed to prevent injury.
    Do not touch spark plugs, HT leads or the ignition coil when the
    engine is running or the ignition is switched on.
    Always turn the ignition off when:
  • Connecting engine test and diagnostic equipment to the vehicle
       (timing light, tach-dwell tester, ignition oscilloscope etc).
  • Replacing ignition components e.g. plugs, coil distributor,
       HT leads etc.



  • Alternator

    When working with the electrical system take note of the following
    otherwise expensive and time consuming repairs to the alternator may
    be necessary.
  • Be sure that the battery cables are correctly connected and well
       tightened.
  • Never disconnect a battery when the engine is running (for example,
       when replacing the battery).
  • When connecting a boost charger the battery should be disconnected.
  • To avoid damaging the radio, make sure it is turned off when dis-
       connecting the battery.

    Jacking up the car

    When using the workshop jack the four jacking points (two on each
    side) should be used. These are specially strengthened for lifting.
    A workshop jack can also be used between the front wheels beneath
    the front axle member
  • Note:The workshop must be used beneath the final drive
    casing
    Make sure that the jack is securely positioned so that the car cannot
    slide off.
    Always use chocks or something similar.

    If a twin post hoist to raise the vehicle the front lifting arms
    should be positioned beneath the control arm strut brackets as il-
    lustrated, and not beneath the jacking points. If these instructions are
    not followed the vehicle may become nose-heavy to such an extent
    that the rear lifting arms may be unloaded when working on the rear
    axle or rear suspension. The rear lifting arms must be postioned be-
    neath the rear jacking points.

    Arm strut brackets




    Page 7:4 Engine compartment
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    Engine compartment


    1   Expansion tank, coolant
    2   Dipstick, engine
    3   Oil filler cap, engine
    4   Dipstick, automatic
         transmission
    5   Brake fluid reservoir
          6   Date plate
          7   Battery
          8   Radiator
          9   Air cleaner
        10   Windscreen/headlamp
                washer reservoir




    Page 7:5 Power-assisted steering oil, brake fluid

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    Power-assisted steering oil


    Power-assisted steering oil

    When cold, the fluid must not be above the COLD mark and similarly,
    when it is hot it must not be above the HOT mark. Top up with ATF if
    the level drops to below ADD mark.


    Oil type: ATF
    Oil capacity: 0.8 litre
    Oil level check: at every service
    Oil change: unnecessary

    Brake fluid reservoir


    Brake fluid

    The fluid should be between the MIN and MAX levels.

    Fluid type: Brake fluid DOT 4 (or SAEJ 1703)
    FLuid level check: when refuelling
    Fluid change: every second year

    Note: The fluid should be changed every year if the brakes are used
    frequently and severly. This is not included in a service but can be
    carried out at the same time as a service by your Volvo workshop.





    Page 7:6 Automatic transmission oil

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    Automatic transmission oil
    A     Cold transmission oil - oil temperature 40C.
            This is a normal temerature for the transmisssion
            after idling for about 10 minutes. At oil tempe-
            ratures below 40C, the level may be below the
            MIN mark.
    B     Warm transmission oil - oil temperature 90C.
            This temerature is obtained when driving for
            about 30 minutes. At oil temperatures above
            90C, the level may be above the MAX mark.

    Note: The engine should be idling when checking
    the transmission oil level.



                                      Dipstick handle is yellow




    Automatic transmission oil

    Check the oil level as follows:
    Park the car on a level surface with the en-
    gine idling.

    Slowly move the selector level through all the
    gear positions and then to position P.
    Wait 2 minutes before checking the oil level.
    As the illustration above shows, the dipstick
    has a "cold" and a "warm" side.
    The oil level should be between the MIN and
    MAX marks
    Wipe the dipstick with a clean cloth.

    Caution! The oil may be very hot!.

    The transission is topped up via the dipstick
    tube.
    The space between the MIN and MAX marks
    on the dipstick corresponds to 0,5 litre.
    Do not fill the transmission with too much oil,
    since this can result in oil being ejected from
    the transmission.








    CAUTION!

    Do not spil oil on the exhaust pipe
    Fire risk

    Too little oil, on the other hand, can nega-
    tively affect transmission operation, par-
    ticularly in very cold weather.

    Oil level check: every service or at least
    every 6 months
    Oil change: every 40 000 km
    Quality: ATF type Dextron IID














    Page 7:7 Lubricating points, bodywork

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    3 Door stop (located at lower hinge)                                   Lubricating points, bodywork
    3 Door stop (located at lower hinge)

    No

    1
    2
    3

    4
    5





    Lubricating point

    Bonnet lock and latch (3)
    Bonnet hinge (2)
    Door stop (2)
    Door hinge (4)
    Sun roof wind deflector (1)
    Door lock catch plate (2)

    Cable for opening tank cap
    cover and boot (2)
    Hinges for tank cap cover
    and boot locking system (2)
    Lubricant

    Oil
    Oil
    Oil
    Oil
    Oil
    Low temperature
    grease

    Silicone grease

    Oil
    No

    6


    7
    8






    Lubricant point

    Boot lock (1)

    Boot hinge (2)
    Front seat slide rail (4)
    Key lock (2)






    Lubricant

    Low temperature
    grease
    Oil
    Oil
    Volvo lock lubricant or
    low temperature grease









    Page 7:8 Coolant
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    Coolant mixture

    Do not top with water only. Use a mixture
    of 50% Volvo anti-freeze type C (bluegreen)
    and 50% water all year round.
    Note: The cilinder head is made of aluminium
    Alloy and it is therfore very important that an
    anti-freeze is used that provides special pro-
    tection against corrosion. Volvo anti-freeze
    fulfils this requirement.
    Do not mix different types of anti-freeze.
    The car is delivered from the factory filled
    with a coolant that provides protection against
    freezing down -35C.

    Cooling system capacity:approx. 10 litres

    Checking the coolant level
    when refuelling

    The level should be between the MAX and
    MIN marks on the expansion tank.
    The cooling system is under pressure when
    hot.
    If it is necessary to add coolant unscrew the
    cap slowly to release the pressure.

    Change the coolant every second year

    To drain
    1 Remove the expansion tank cap (slowly if
       engine is hot)
    2 Move the temperature adjustment knob to
       MAX heat
    3 Open the drain taps on the sides of the en-
       gine block
    4 Disconnect the lower radiator hose from
       the radiator

    To fill
    5 Close the drain taps and reconnect the
       radiator hose. See No. 3 and 4
    6 Fill the expamsion tank to MAX or slightly
       above
    7 Run the engine until warm and make certain
       that there are no leaks. Switch off the en-
       gine and top up with coolant.





    Coolant





























    Page 7:9 Fan belts and drive belts for air conditioning and power-assisted steering

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    Air conditioning compressor and power-assisted pump

















    Replacing drive belts


    If you have replaced a drive belt it should be
    possible to depress the belt 1-3 mm.
    The belt should be checked and readjusted,
    if necessary by your Volvo workshop


    Checking the condition of the
    belts

    Check the belts regularly to make sure they are
    clean and in good condition. Worn or dirty
    belts can lead to poor cooling and alternator
    output as well as impair the operation of the
    power-assisted steering.

    Let your Volvo workshop adjust
    and replace drive belts

    Since the belts are difficult to reach it is advis-
    able to let your Volvo workshop adjust and
    tension of the belts or replace them
    if necessary.








    Page 7:10 Windscreen washers

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    Adjusting the washer nozzles   Washer reservoir

    Adjusting the washer nozzles

    The washer spray should strike the windscreen
    as shown above.
    Use a small screwdriver to adjust the nozzles.


    Washer reservoir

    The windscreen, headlamp and tailgate washers
    have a common fluid reservoir, located in the
    engine compartment. It holds approx. 4 litres.
    The reservoir should be filled with a washer
    solvent containing de-icer in cold weather.




    Page 7:11 Engine oil

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    Checking the oil level

    Check the oil level when refuelling. Ensure that the vehicle is
    standing on a surface and wait one minute before checking the
    level with the dipstick (wipe before checking).
    The oil level should be between the MAX and MIN marks on the
    dipstick. The difference represents approximately 1 litre.

    Topping up

    Top up the same grade of oil as is in the engine.
    After an oil change, the oil level will be between the two marks on the
    dipstick, i.e. between MAX and MIN. This is quite normal. Do not add
    too much oil as this will lead to excessive oil consumption.




    Draining the oil


    Access to the drain plug is obtained through the front engine splash-
    guard. Drain the oil when it is warm


    CAUTION: The oil may be very hot.

    Change oil filter at every oil change

    Follow the instructions on the cartridge











    Page 7:12 Engine oil
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    Oil quality

    According to API; SG alt. SF alt. CCMC class G2/G3. Oils with
    designation SG/CD, SF/CC and SF/CD meet this requirement.
    Synthetic or semisynthetic oils may be used if their specifications
    comply with above.
    Volvo do not recommend the use of supplementary additives
    because of the potential damage to the engine.

    Viscosity:

    Temperature gauge (stable ambient temperatures)
    Capacity: 6.0 litres
    Oil level check:When refuelling


    Oil and filter change

    The oil and filter are changed for the first time at the Warranty service
    after 1000-2000 km and thereafter according to the table below:















    Engine oil
    Driving conditions
    Change interval oil + filter
    Unfavourable
       Every 5000 km
       or 3 months,
       whichever occurs first
    Average
       Every 10,000 km
       or 6 months,
       whichever occurs first






















    SAE 15/W/40 oils are recommended for use in extreme driving condi-
    tions that involve excessive oil consumption and high oil temperatures
    e.g. moutain driving with frequent decelerations or fast motorway
    driving. (Note, however, the lower temperature limits.)
    Unfavourable conditions

  • long distance driving in dusty/sandy areas
  • long distance towing
  • long distance driving in hilly terrain
  • stop - start driving
  • low temperatures (below 0C) driving short distances
       (less than 10 km)
  • extended periods of high speed driving

  • text en picture's from Owners manual Model year 1990

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