|Page 6:1 Car care
Car careProper car care involves more than just the
appearance of your car. The exterior must be
protected from the effects of air pollution,
rain and mud. The rustproofing under the
car should be regularly checked and any
damaged areas treated. Damaged paintwork
must also be treated immediately to prevent
Page 6:1 Car care and this index
Page 6:2 Corrosion protection
Page 6:4 Paintwork damage
Page 6:6 Washing the car
Page 6:8 Cleaning the upholstery
|Page 6:2 Corrosion protection
Corrosion protection, inspection and
Your Volvo was carefully and thoroughly rustproofed at the factory.
The corrosion protection must be inspected by your Volvo workshop
See your Service Booklet. If your car needs to be treated because of
damage, consult your local dealer.
|Page 6:3 Corrosion protection
The visible rustproofingYou should check the visible (external) rustproofing at regular intervals.
If it is necessary to touch-up the rustproofing, this should be done
immediately to prevent moisture ingress. Consult your volvo dealer.
If you wish to do the work yourself, wash and dry the car and make sure
that the surface to be repaired is thoroughly dry and free from all traces
or dirt. Use spray-on or brush-on rustproofing compounds,
There are two different types of rustproofing compounds.:
- Thin (transparent), for visible sections
- Thick, for sections on the underbody and wheelhousing which suffer
the most wear.
Parts of the car which may need to be touched-up with recommend-
ed rustproofing compound are:
- visible welded seams and panels seams - thin liquid
- underbody and wheel housings - thick liquid
- bonnet - thin liquid
- door hinges - thick liquid
- bonnet hinges and locks
After completion of all work on the vehicle, remove excess rustproofing
compound with a cloth soaked in white spirit.
The engine compartment has been sprayed with a wax-based, trans-
parant rustproofing compound which is resistant to normal (non-
aromatic) engine cleaners. If, however, you use an engine cleaner which
contains solvents such as white spirits or turpentine it will be necessary
to apply a suitable wax-based rustproofing compound to reobtain the
This is available from your Volvo dealer.
|Page 6:4 Paintwork damage
Paintwork damagePaintwork damage requires immediate at-
tention to avoid the formation of rust. It is
therfore a good idea to make a habit of
regurly checking the paintwork and to
touch-up where necessary, e.g.
When touching up the paintwork of the car,
it should be clean and dry and have a tempe-
rature in excess of +15°C.
Colour codeWhen ordering touch-up paint from your
Volvo dealer, use the colour code number
shown on the type designation plate on the
plate above the right headlamp.
Minor stone chips and scratchesMaterial:
If the stone chip has not penetrated down to
the metal and an undamaged layer of paint
remains, the touch-up paint can be applied
as soon as the spot has been cleaned.
If the stone chip has penetrated down to
the metal, proceed as follows:
damage surface. Pull the tape off so that
any loose flakes of paint adhere to it.
damaged area with a fine brush or match-
stick. See figure 2.
coat with a brush. Make sure that the paint
has been well stirred and apply it thinly in
several layers, allowing it to dry between
|Page 6:5 Paintwork damage
but it may be advisable to use masking tape
to protect the undamaged paintwork. See fi-
finishing coat. Use a soft rag to apply the
grinding paste and polish any
blemishes. Apply the paste sparingly.
Touching up wing edges and sillsMaterial:
When large surfaces have to be repainted,
suitably mask the surrounding area with masking tape and paper.
Remove this masking as soon as the final
coat has been sprayed on, before the paint
Remove loose flakes of paint with masking
Shake the aerosol for at least 1 minute.
Spray on the primer.
Move the spray can slowly and regularly
from side to side, about 20-30 cm (8-12")
from the surface.
surface enamel in the same way. Spray
on several times and allow the paint to
dry a few minutes between each applic-
|Page 6:6 Washing
Washing the carThe car should be washed as frequently as possible, particularly during
the winter when road salt and moisture can easily lead to corrosion.
The car can be washed as follows:
water. Use tepid but not hot water.
washing-up liquid. Remove dirt with a nail brush.
Suitables detergentsCar wash detergent or a dessertspoon of ordinary washing-up liquid di-
luted with 10 liter of water.
Spots on trim moulding around windows, wings and doors can be re-
moved with a suitable polish (never use abrasive cutting paste or steel
Other cromed parts can be cleaned with a chrome restorer.
Bird droppingsRemove from paintwork as soon as possible. Otherwise the finish will
be irreparably damaged.
Note: When washing the car, remember to remove dirt from all
of the drainage holes.
|Page 6:7 Automatic car washing, Polishing and waxing
Automatic car washingAn automatic car wash is a simple and quick way to clean your car, but
it is worth remembering that it can never be as thorough as when you,
yourself, go over the car with a sponge and water. Keeping the under-
body clean is most important, especially in the winter. Not all car
washes have facilities for washing underbody.
Before driving into an automatic wash, make sure that auxiliary lamps
etc., are secure, otherwise there is risk of the machine dislodging them.
You should also remove or retract the aerial.
Lift the headlamp wiper blades over the lower stop to prevent the
machine brushes from damaging the wiper mechanism. (Do not forget
to return the wiper arms to their original position.)
Use only automatic car washes with clean brushes.
We recommended that you do not wash your car
in an automatic wash during the first six
months because the paint will not have hardened sufficiently.
Polishing and waxingThe car should be polished and waxed when the surface finish begins
to lose its lustre and when you want to give the car extra protection.
Normally it is not necessary to polish the car during the first year after
delivery. However, washing may be beneficial.
Wash and dry the car thoroughly before polishing and/or waxing. Re-
move tar spots with spirits or a tar remover. Larger spots may
require a fine rubbing compound.
First polish with the polishing agent and then wax either with a fluid of
Several commercially available products contain both polish and wax.
Read the instructions carefully.
A wide range of polymer-based car waxes can puchased today. The
waxes are easy to use and produce a long lasting highgloss finish
which protects the bodywork against oxidation, road dirt and fading.
|Page 6:8 Cleaning the interior
Cleaning leather upholsteryNever scrub or rub a stain.
Do not use concentrated stain removers.
Wash with a mild soapy solution and lukewarm water.
Cleaning the seat beltsClean only with lukewarm water and a mild soap solution.
Removing stains from floor matsRemove stains as soon as possible. Scrape off the dirt with a blunt
knife and remove the surplus with a vacuum cleaner.
Apply a suitable solvent with a clean white cloth. Remove the sol-
vent and the stain with cotton wool. Repeat until the stain is
Bear in mind
colouring can spread.