|Page 3:1 Running in and this index|
Starting and driving
This section contains item such as starting
Running-inDo not utilise your car's full driving potential during the first
2000 km. Do not depress the accelerator pedal fully to change down
(kick-down) during the first 2000 km.
Page 3:1 Running in and this index|
Page 3:2 Points to remember
Page 3:3 Brakes
Page 3:4 Economical driving
Page 3:5 Towing a caravan or trailer
Page 3:6 Winter driving
Page 3:7 Before a long distance trip
Page 3:8 Vehicle storage
Page 3:9 Automatic transmission
Page 3:10 Automatic gearbox
Page 3:11 Automatic gearbox
Page 3:12 Starting the engine
Page 3:13 Jump starting
Page 3:14 Towing
|Page 3:2 Points to remember|
At the specified kerb weight your car has a
Do not drive with the boot
If you drive with the boot open, exhaust
for your Volvo and can be securely fitted
to the car roof
the car alters with the weight of the load
on the roof rack, this changing the driv-
cornering and abrupt stops.
needed. This reduces wind resistance
and lowers fuel consumption.
|Page 3:3 Brakes|
Should there be a mal-
The brake servo functions only
If your car is being towed or is coasting to a
Severe use of brakesWhen driving in mountainous areas, the car
can be exposed to extremely severe loading
even if you do not depress the brake pedal
particularly hard. Since the speed is also
quite often very low, the brakes are not
cooled as efficiently as when driving on level
roads. In order to avoid excessive strain on
the brakes, engage position 2 or possible
position 1. In this way, the braking power of
the engine is more effectively utilised and it
is only necessary to use the footbrake now
Do not forget that if you are towing a cara-
van or trailer, the brakes will be subjected to
more load than is usual.
ABS brakesABS brake are disigned to prevent wheel-
locking under devere braking conditions. The
system "senses" when the brake begin te lock
redistributes the brake pressure automatically,
and thereby prevent the wheels from locking.
When the system is activated the brake pedal
vibrates and the switing sound of the boot-
mounted control is audible. This is quite
Note that you must depress the brake fully for
optimum effect and that the ABS system does
not increase the total braking capacity of your
vehicle. On the other hand, it does enable you
to retain better control of your vehicle.
|The pedal will sink in a lttle deeper
and may feel softer, and some extra pressure
is required for normal braking.
If the light comes on while driving or
when braking the fluid level it too
Stop immediately and check the level of
the brake fluid (see 7:4 for location).
If the level is under MIN in the whole
reservoir: do not drive the car but have
the car rowed to a workshop for checking
If the level is under MIN on only one side
of a reservoir: drive carefully to a
workshop for checking.
|Page 3:4 Economical driving|
Economical driving does not necessarily mean driving slowly
|Better driving economy may be obtained by
thinking ahead, avoiding rapid starts and
stops and adjusting the speed of your vehicle
to immediate traffic conditions. Observe the
rate as soon as possible by driving under
light load. A cold engine uses more fuel
than a warm engine and is subject to
distances as this does not allow the engine
to reach normal operation temperature.
load in the car.
ice has ended.
down unless necessary.
You should maintain the car and specially
the engine in good condition. factors which
ensure good fuel consumption are:
Do not forget that the most important
factor affecting fuel economy is you you-
self, and the way in which you drive.
|Page 3:5 Towing a caravan or trailer|
Towing a caravan
which tyres are approved can be obtained from your Volvo dealer.
Towing brackets which are designed to be attached to the bumper
must not be used. the bumpers are designed to absorb impacts
and consequently should not be used to mount towing brackets.
regulating system to compensate for load variations. the system
operates when the vehicle is in motion. The rear of the vehicle
will however droop if, for instance, you are carrying a lot of
luggage in the boot or if the vehicle is hitched to a caravan or
trailer. However, as soon as you start driving the "Nivomat" system
will pump up the rear suspension to the most suitable level.
commended by Volvo are shown below:
* Max 1500 kg, max 50 mph (80 km/h)
* Max 1600 kg not exceeding 45 mph (70 km/h). the vehicle must be
equipped with an auxiliary oil cooler.
towing bracket is approx 50 kg for trailers up to 1200 kg and 70 kg
for trailers above 1200 kg weight.
Increase tyre inflation pressures to values specified under full load
and towing in table 4:4.
remember to lock the bar with the pin.
and all movable parts to avoid unnecessary wear. grease
the nipples on the retractable type for towing bracket.
been run in for at least 1000 km (600 miles).
areas. The risk of overheating can be minimised by selecting a
lower gear and adjusting the speed of the vehicle to suit.
must be changed more often, see 7:12.
|Page 3:6 Winter driving|
Frost precautionsFor the onset of winter, take note of the following advice:
anti-freeze, i.e., 5 litres Volvo type C (blue-green) glycol additive.
This gives protection against freezing down to -35°C. See 7:8.
condensation in the tank.
(thinner oil) aids cold starting as well as decreasing fuel consumption
while the engine is warming up. For winter use, provided the tempera-
ture limits on see 7:12. are maintained, 5W-30 oil, particularly the
synthetic type, is recommended.
Be sure to use good quality oil but do not use this cold weather oil
for hard driving or in a warm climate.
See 7:12. or ask your Volvo dealer for more information.
heater, windscreen wipers, lighting etc. are used more often. As well
as this capacity of the battery decreases as the temperature drops.
In very cold weather, a poorly charged battery can freeze and
become frequently and spray an anti-rust oil on to the battery poles.
solvents containing de-icer. This is most important since dirt is often
splashed on the windscreen and headlamps during winter driving, thus
requiring frequent use of the washer and the wipers.
Use Volvo Lock lubricant in the locks. This can be obtained from
your Volvo dealer.
Note: Avoid the use of de-icing sprays as these can affect the locking
Automatic differential lockThe differantial automatically locks at speeds between 3-25 mph
(5-40 km/h) if either of the drive wheels begins to lose traction.
The differential lock improves power distrubution to the drive
wheels in slippery conditions, shifting power to the wheel with
best traction. It also functions when the transmission is in reverse.
|Page 3:7 Long distance trips|
Before a long distance tripIt is always advisable to have your car checked at a Volvo dealer
before driving long distances.
Your dealer will be able to supply special kits containing bulbs, fuses,
spark plugs and wiper blades for use if needed.
If you prefer to check the car yourself, the following hints are worth
hand traffic, the lamp should be adjusted to avoid blinding
oncoming traffic. For this purpose the triangler sections the head-
lamp lens should be covered with black tape.
you plan to drive to countries where it may be difficult to obtain
the correct octane fuel or unleaded petrol.
|Page 3:8 Vehicle storage|
Vehicle storageIy you do not intend to use your car for a long time
The following points may be of use if you do not intend to use your
car for a long time, i.e., because of a long holiday, winter etc.
forget the chromed parts.
protection down to -35°C. Volvo anti-freeze also provides resistance
|Page 3:9 Automatic transmission|
R ReverseThe car must be stationary shifting
into or out of R.
N NeutralThe transmission is disengaged. Apply the
parking brake when the car is stationary in
D DriveThe normal driving position. Changing up and
down between the gears takes place automati-
cally depending on acceleration and speed.
2 SecondChanging up and down between 1st and 2nd
takes places automatically.
No changing up from 2nd occurs.
position 2 can be used:
1 FirstIf position1 is selected when driving at high
speeds 2nd is engaged first and 1 st is en-
gaged when the speed has dropped to
approximately 50 km/h.
No changing up from 1st occurs.
Use position 1 to select low gear with no
changing up, for instance, when driving in
P ParkUse this position once the car is parked.
Never leave the car when the engine is
running. If by mistake the gear selector lever
is moved the car may start moving. The car
must be completely stationary before select-
ing in P.
When P is selected the gearbox is locked.
However, apply the parking brake when
parked on an incline.
|Page 3:10 Automatic gearbox|
|To change to a 4-speed unit depress the|
button again - the light will go out.
It is advisable to disengage 4th speed when:
But use 4th speed as much as possible in
other driving conditions as it improves fuel
Gear selector gateThe gear selector can be moved freely between
D and 2. The other positions are separated
by a lockout which is operated by depressing
the selector knob.
Depressing the selectyor knob slightly allows
selection of position N, D, 2 and 1. Depres-
sing of selector knob allows selection of
posistion R and P. This is also necessary
when initially bringing the selector out of
Depressing the selector knob fully thus
permits freely between all posistions.
Disengagement of 4th speedBy pressing the button on the side of the
gear selector you can switch between 3rd and
An indicator lamp on the dashboard lights up
when the 4th speed is disengaged as a reminder
that the transmission is operated as a 3-
when the engine idling
|Page 3:11 Automatic gearbox|
Kick downFor automatic shift to a lower gear depress
the trottle pedal briskly to its limit.
Changing up will occur as the top speed for a
particular gear is approached or by releasing
the trotthle pedal slightly.
Kick-down can be used for maximum
acceleration or when overtaking.
Remember that the transmission only reverts
to a 4-speed unit after the accelerator has
The gearbox is equipped with a downshift
lock. At speeds exceeding 160 km/h no down-
shift will occur.
Starting and stopping1 Move the selector lever to P or N. (It is not
possible to start the engine in any other
2 Start the engine by turning the ignition key.
3 Apply the parking brake or depress the
brake pedal lightly (otherwise the car will
start moving slowly when the selector is
moved to any of the driving position).
4 Move the selector lever to the desired
driving position. Wait-there is a slight
delay before the gear in engaged,
especially when "R" is selected. As soon
as the vehicle begins to "creep"... release
the brake and depress the accelerator.
The engine must be idling.
To prevent harsh engagement and
excessive transmission wear do not
drive off until the transmission has
To stop the vehicle, release the accelerator
pedal and apply the brakes.
In order to avoid overheating the gearbox
during long periods of waiting with the
engine running (e.g. traffic jams), position N
should be selected.
Towing a caravan or trailer
longed periods at low speeds, position 1
should be selected. In this way the gear-
box is prevented from changing up and the
gearbox oil remains cooler. For driving on
mountain roads with long or frequent
uphill gradients, select position 2.
slopes, posistion 1 should be selected and
posistion 2 for less severe inclines, in order
to obtain the best possible engine braking
by using the accelerator pedal, engage the
handbrake onstead. This prevents the
gearbox oil from becoming overheated.
engage 3-speed transmission and check that
the dashboard indicator lamp lights up. This
prevents changing up to 4th speed.
|Page 3:12 Starting the engine|
Starting the engine1 Apply the parking brake (handbrake)
2 Move the gear selector to N and P.
3 Do not touch the accelerator
4 Turn the ignition key to start the engine.
Engage the starter motor until the engine
starts, however no more than 15-20 seconds.
If the engine does not start immediately
depress the accelerator pedal half way and
hold it there until the engine starts.
Do not make repeated short attempts to
start the engine!
Fuel is injected each time you use the star-
Never race the engine directly after a cold
If the engine misfires or will not start, con-
tact your Volvo dealer.
Warm-up the engine as soon
Experience has shown that engines in cars
|Page 3:13 Jump starting|
WARNING!To prevent possible explosion. never
expose battery to open flame or elec-
tric spark. Do not smoke near battery.
Batteries generate hydrogen gas
which is flammable and explosive.
The battery contains sulphuric acid
which can cause serious injury. If the
acid comes in contact with eyes, skin
or clothes flush with large amounts of
water. If eyes are affectes seek medical attention.
Jump startingIf the battery is flat, you may have to use a charged battery to start
the engine. To avoid any risk of explosion, the following procedures
are strongly recommended:
battery to the positive terminal of the discharged battery, then
connect the black lead to the negative terminal (blue, N or -). Ensure
that there is good contact at the clamps to prevent sparks occurring
when attempting to start.
away from the battery.
minutes at higher than adling speed (around 1500 rpm).
Do not move the clamps during start attempts!
Do not lean over de batteries!
|Page 3:14 Towing|
Towing the carThe following precautions must be taken if the car has to be towed:
Approximately four times more pedal pressure will have to be applies when braking and
the steering will feel heavier than usual.
and the gearbox should be correctly adjusted.